Dr Julian Quan
Principal Scientist – Land, rural institutions and innovation
BA, MSc, PG Cert, PhD
Livelihood and Institutions Department
Natural Resources Institute
Dr Quan has served with the Natural Resources Institute for over twenty years, becoming a member of staff of the University of Greenwich when the Institute joined the University in 1996. During this time he has worked as a development researcher and practitioner, undertaking a wide range of consultancy and applied research assignments for a variety of international clients, including the African Union, DFID, the European Union, FAO, IIED, SIDA, UNDP, UN Habitat, the World Bank and a number of developing country governments. From 1998 – 2003 whilst with the University, Dr Quan was commissioned to work as a Land Tenure and Policy Adviser with DFID (the UK Department for International Development). His previous postings have been with South Bank University's Local Economic Policy Unit, the Food Studies Group at Queen Elizabeth House, University of Oxford (seconded to UNICEF and the Mozambican Government) and with Oxfam, in addition to periods and working in community and housing development work and teaching in Further and Adult Education in inner London.
Dr Quan's work has focused on: land tenure, land rights and land policy; rural territorial development; rural institutions, policy and governance; local economic development; climate change adaptation and mitigation; rural livelihoods, community based natural resource management, development of smallholder agriculture, and rural extension in developing countries, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa and also in Latin America. Dr Quan is a specialist in lusophone countries, speaking fluent Portuguese and working extensively in Mozambique and Brazil. He takes an interdisciplinary perspective in development studies, drawing on perspectives and approaches in sociology, anthropology, geography and political science. He has collaborated extensively with leading researchers in these fields, including Camilla Toulmin and Lorenzo Cotula (IIED), Klaus Deininger (World Bank lead economist), Julio Berdegué (RIMISP, Chile) and Arilson Favareto (a leading Brazilian rural sociologist at UFABC, Sao Paulo), in addition to collaborating with researchers from the Institute of Development Studies at the University of Sussex and from the Programme for Land and Agrarian Studies at the University of Western Cape, South Africa.
Dr Quan's main research interests are in formal and informal institutions for natural resource and land management, land policy, agricultural development, and place-based or territorial development policies and approaches to rural development. I consider that my work shows the importance of sound institutional arrangements that respond to multiple stakeholder interests and manage them effectively are central to achieving more inclusive and sustainable rural economic and social development. In particular, decentralised institutional innovations at the meso- or landscape scale in a) farmer economic organisation, b) mechanisms and incentives for environmental management c) organisation of rural outreach / extension services, d) participatory decision making and governance arenas, and e) delivery and funding mechanisms for rural development programmes are essential in balancing agricultural development with the multiple demands on rural areas by establishing resilient development pathways that are socially inclusive and climate compatible.
Dr Quan's work on land tenure showed the continuing importance of customary institutions and practices in land and natural resource management, and the scope and need for their fuller integration into more formalised and inclusive land tenure and administration systems. His own investigations and his broader research leadership, including the organisation of a series of international conferences on land rights in Africa, and facilitation of an African research / policy / practitioner network on land in Africa had significant influence on international development policy on land at the beginning of the 21st Century.
The findings and insights of Dr Quan's work on land and on territorial development are important to establish and scale-up inclusive and sustainable rural development processes in developing countries, by balancing top-down sector-led with more bottom-up territorially focussed approaches, integrating the governance of land with broader territorial governance, and achieving multi-purpose sustainable land and natural use mosaics to meet social and economic need.
Current and Previous Funded Research Projects
Rural Territorial Dynamics in Northeast Brazil.
Dr Quan led this project at NRI, which undertook a detailed investigation of the development dynamics of an agricultural region in Bahia in collaboration with Brazilian researchers. The project received two years funding (£85,000) from ESRC in 2009 – 2011 and made an important contribution to the Rural Territorial Dynamics research programme in Latin America led by RIMISP, which operated from 2008 – 2012 and provided supplementary funding. The programme aimed to establish the conditions under which sustainable and inclusive rural development can take place in order to address the problems of inter-regional and rural social inequality in Latin America, and Dr Quan was a member of the core team which developed the programme funding programme (for IDRC, Canada) and steered the development of the programme in the early stages. His research demonstrated the importance of social coalitions and institutional change in and development in influencing development trajectories and outcomes in Northeast Brazil, and indicated the scope for future research into the impacts of rural territorial development policies, rural territorial dynamics in Africa and the understanding and measurement of "successful" rural development approaches.
Political Economy of Climate Compatible Development.
Dr Quan acts as a full member of the team established by IDS, Institute of Development Studies for the project, and co-leader of a study undertaken on the political economy of Carbon Forestry in Mozambique. The project is on-going from April 2013 to March 2014 and aims to understand the political-economic and institutional context of initiatives for improved forest conservation and management, the unfolding of conflicts in access to land and resources amongst different actors and competing discourses of climate compatible development, and the consequences for different social groups. The research was commissioned by CDKN, the Climate Development Knowledge Network, in order to assist in identifying opportunities for greater leverage and engagement to ensure that country based climate change mitigation and adaptation strategies result in positive impacts and new opportunities for the rural poor.
Responsibilities within the University
- Dr Quan is leader of NRI's programme on Rural Institutions and Agricultural Policy
- During academic year 2011 -12 he played the role of Enterprise Fellow within NRI.
- Quan, Julian, Ruiz Olalde, Alicia and Rocha Sousa, Valdirene Santos (2012) Diversidad territorial y crecimiento inclusivo in el valle de Jiquiriçá en el noreste de Brasil. In: De Yucatán a Chiloé: Dinámicas territoriales en América Latina. Editorial Teseo, Buenos Aires, Argentina, pp. 419-454. ISBN 9789871867479
- Quan, J. (2011) A future for small-scale farming. State of Science Review SR25 Foresight, Global Farming Futures Project, Foresight, Government Office for Science, Department for Business, Innovation and Skills.
- Ubink, Janine M. and Quan, Dr Quan F. (2008) How to combine tradition and modernity? Regulating customary land management in Ghana. Land Use Policy, 25 (2). pp. 198-213. ISSN 0264-8377 (doi:10.1016/j.landusepol.2007.06.002)
- Quan, Julian and Dyer, Nat (2008) Climate change and land tenure: The implications of climate change for land tenure and land policy (Land Tenure Working Paper 2). Working Paper. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, Italy.
- Quan, Julian, Ubink, Janine and Antwi, Adarkwah (2008) Risks and opportunities of state intervention in customary land management: Emergent findings from the Land Administration Project Ghana. In: Contesting land and custom in Ghana: State, Chief and the Citizen. Law, Governance and Development . Leiden University Press, Leiden, The Netherlands, pp. 183-208. ISBN 9087280475
- Quan, J. (2008) Land reform and rural territories: experiences from Brazil and South Africa IIED Gatekeeper series 134: February 2008
- Quan, J., Payne, G., and Seitchiping, R. (2008) Secure Land Rights for All, UN-Habitat, Kenya. ISBN 9789211319613
- Quan, J., Tan, S., and Toulmin, C. (2005) Land in Africa: Market Asset or Livelihood Security? Proceedings and conclusions from Land in Africa Conference November 8-9th 2004, IIED, NRI and RAS. London (139pp)
- Morton, J, Quan, J., Nelson, V. and Albright, K. (2002) Improving Communication with UK Agricultural and Related Scientific Expertise: UK NGO Perspectives, Science Communication, Vol. 23, no. 4, pp. 442-462
- Quan, J., Oudwater, N., Pender, J. and Martin, A. (2001) Geographical Information systems and participatory Approaches in Natural Resources Research. Socio-economic Methodologies for Natural Resources Research Best Practice Guidelines Series. DFID / NRI, Chatham
- Toulmin, C. and Quan, J. (eds.) (2000) Evolving Land Rights, Policy and Tenure in Africa London: DFID/IIED/NRI (324pp).
- Quan, J. 1998 Land Tenure: an entry point for sustainable rural livelihoods. In Sustainable Rural Livelihoods: what contribution can we make? Diana Carney (ed.) Oxford: Routledge and Kegan Paul, Oxford 1998.
- Winter, M. and Quan, J. 1998 Land and Natural Resource Tenure in West Africa: the next 25 years. Franco British Initiative on land tenure in West Africa, IIED
- Quan, J. (1997) Issues in African Land Policy: experiences from Southern Africa. Chatham: NRI / DFID
- Grimble, R,, Quan, J. and Chan, M. (1995) Trees and environmental policy: a stakeholder approach. Gatekeeper series 1995 London: IIED
Recent Conference Presentations
- Quan, J., Monteiro, J. and Mole, P. (2013) The experience of Mozambique's Community Land Initiative (iTC) in Securing Land Rights and Improving Community Land Use: Practice, Policy and Governance Implications. World Bank Conference on Land and Poverty 8 – 11 April 2013, Washington DC.
- Quan, J. (2013) Action and reform to protect customary land rights: the Community Lands Initiative (iTC) in Mozambique. 7th Annual Public Interest Environmental Law Conference: Development or Land Grabbing? Legal Challenges of the Global Land Rush. 15th March 2013, London
- Quan, J. (2012) Territorial development and public policies in Brazil: perspectives from the Jiquiriçá Valley, Bahia, Brazil XIII World Congress of Rural Sociology, International Rural Studies Association (IRSA), Lisbon, August 29 July - 4 August, Lisbon, Portugal
- [For this Congress Dr Quan was co-organiser of Working Group 7: Rural territorial dynamics and policy innovation: research findings from Latin America in comparative perspective; with Julio Berdegué (RIMISP, Chile) and Arilson Favareto (UFABC, Brazil).]
- Quan J. (2012) Abordagens territoriais, políticas públicas e a governança do desenvolvimento rural: perspectivas do Vale do Jiquiriçá, Bahia, Brasil , Rural Territorial Dynamics Programme 2012 Conference "Territorios Rurales en Movimento", 5 – 7 June, 2012, Quito Ecuador.
- Quan, J. (2011) The roles of actor networks, social coalitions, and state policy in Territorial Dynamics in Northeast Brazil. Paper for the Latin America and Europe Study Group, Rethinking Development in an Age of Scarcity and Uncertainty: New Values, Voices and Alliances for Increased Resilience: joint conference of the UK Development Studies Association / European Association of Development Institutes,, 19 -22 September 2011, University of York
- Quan, J. (2011) Rural Territorial Dynamics in the Jiquiriçá Valley, Bahia, Brasil. Paper for the New and Emerging Rural Researchers Group at the Royal Geographical Society – Institute of British Geographers Annual Conference, London September 2 – 4, 2011
- Quan, J. (2006) Towards a global framework for land indicators (paper commissioned by the World Bank, setting out a basis for a global land indicator framework, and practical approach to data collection and institutional collaboration i). Presented at the World Bank Conference on Land and Poverty, April 2006
- Quan J 2006 Land Policy in Africa: towards a framework of action to secure land rights, enhance productivity and secure livelihoods. Background paper for a Workshop on the African Land Policy Framework organised by the African Union Commission, African Union and African Development Bank Addis Ababa 27-29 March 2006 African Union / UN Economic Commission for Africa.
- Quan, J. (2006) Challenges in the transformation of land unequal local economies: from land reform to territorial development in Brazil and South Africa. At the frontier of land issues: social embeddedness of rights and public policy Montpelier, France 17 – 19 May 2006.
- Quan, J., Toulmin, C. and Cotula, L. (2006) Issues Paper 1: Policies and practices for improving access to land. ICAARD (International Conference on Agrarian Reform and Rural Development) FAO and Government of Brazil, Porto Alegre, Brazil, 6 – 10 March 2006
- Quan, J. (2004) Land Access and Poverty Reduction in South Asia: opportunities for civil society intervention. World Bank Rural Week, Washington DC March 2004
- Quan, J., Lahiff, E. and Tan, S. (2003) Monitoring the impacts of major land reforms Paper for EDAIS Conference in impact monitoring and assessment, University of Manchester November 2003
- Quan, J. (2003) Reflections on the development policy environment for land and property rights 1997 – 2003. International workshop on Fundamental Rights in the Balance, Institute of Development Studies, University of Sussex 16 – 18 October 2003
- Quan, J and Costa Souza, M. (2002) Analise dos interessados na Área de Proteção Ambiental Litoral Norte na Bahia: uma ferramenta fundamental para a construção da gestão participativa (Stakeholder Analysis for Bahia's Northern Coast Environmental Protected Area: a fundamental tool for the construction of participatory management (original paper in Portuguese). Proceedings of the 3rd Brazilian Congress on Protected Areas Brazil, Fortaleza, Ceara September 2002, Vol. 1 pp 167 -176
- Dr Quan is a member of the ESRC peer review college.
- Since 2006 he has been Chief Technical Adviser to Mozambique Community Lands Initiative (2006 -2014).
- He has also acted as a Technical adviser to African Union Land Policy Initiative.
- He has been a member of the Royal Geographical Society – Institute of British Geographers
- Dr Quan was jointly awarded the O'Riordan Prize for the best Masters Dissertation in Rural Resources and Environmental Policy (on the topic of climate change in Mozambique) at Wye College, London, 1991.
Dr Julian Quan
Natural Resources Institute
University of Greenwich
Central Avenue, Chatham Maritime, Kent ME4 4TB, United Kingdom.
Tel: +44 (0)1634 88 3053