Dr Corinne J Rumney
Research Fellow / Microbiologist
Laboratory Manager for Food and Markets Department
Local Safety Officer
BSc (Hons), PhD
Food and Markets Department
Natural Resources Institute
My degree in Applied Biology from Bradford University included a sandwich year studying carbohydrate fermentation in a continuous culture model of the rumen at the National Institute for Research in Dairying, Reading and a final year specialising in Nutrition and Toxicology. My PhD research, at the Rowett Research Institute, Aberdeen (registered with the CNAA at the Robert Gordon University) investigated the metabolic activities of human gut microflora within a semi-continuous model and the impact of different types of dietary fibre. In 1989 I joined BIBRA International (an independent toxicology research institute) with whom I worked for the next ten years within the Microbiology and Nutrition Department, led until 1997, by Ian Rowland (currently Professor of Nutrition at Reading University). During that period, I used simple batch cultures, complex in vitro models and in vivo models of the human gut microflora, together with human volunteer studies to study the interaction between dietary components and gut microflora and the modulation of metabolic and other parameters with implications for health, both systemic and in the colon. The research covered areas such as the endogenous formation or activation of purported colonic genotoxins and modification by diet, potential health benefits of polysaccharide fermentation, 'functional' foods and prebiotics, probiotics and synbiotics and assessing the impact of dietary components on gut microflora composition and function (eg the effect of veterinary antimicrobial residues in meat and the implications for setting MRLs). Funding for this research came from a variety of sources, including MAFF and the EU and commercially from large food and pharmaceutical companies within Europe and Japan. Alongside Christine Edwards (now Professor of Nutritional Physiology at Glasgow University) I contributed to winning the EU-funded MEDIGUT programme, studying the development of the infant gut microflora and its functions using an in vivo model.
In 1999 I began a period as a full-time parent and continued until 2006, when I started work as a part-time science technician for a local secondary school. In October 2011 I joined the Food and Markets department of NRI, where I manage the departmental practical facilities and, in association with colleagues, have been involved in the reorganisation and refurbishment of the laboratories to increase research capability. I provide practical support to lab-based MSc courses, particularly Food Microbiology and conduct research for both commercial contracts and large collaborative projects.
I am currently involved in research concerning tropical root crops and traditional African foods, as well as conducting short studies tailored to individual customer needs.
I am interested in developing research exploring the health-promoting properties (prebiotic potential, modulation of gut fermentation, anti-pathogenic) of tropical roots and tubers and traditional, fermented foods and the VC scholarship commencing December 2013 will form part of this. Involvement in the development of departmental research in microbiological safety of foods is of further interest.
Current and Previous Funded Research Projects
Since joining NRI I have been involved in the Gates-funded C:AVA Project on evaluating the quality of cassava flour from different producers within five African countries and the EU-funded AFTER project on the acceptability and sensory analysis of African Foods for the European market, notably kenkey and bissap.
In 2013, with Dr Aurelie Bechoff, we gained funding for a University of Greenwich Vice- Chancellor's PhD Scholarship entitled Novel Approaches to Cassava Value Addition, which will investigate the prebiotic potential of cassava by-products.
Responsibilities within the University
- Contract research.
- Provision of support for laboratory-based courses on the MSc in Food Safety and Quality Management and both training and supervision of its students.
- Departmental laboratory management.
- Departmental Local Safety Officer
- Edwards, C.A., Rumney, C.J., Davies, M., Parrett, A.M., Dore, J., Martin, F., Schmitt, J., Stahl, B., Norin, E., Midtvedt, T., Rowland, I.R., Heavey, P., Kohler, H., Stocks, B., Schroten, H. (2003). A human-flora-associated rat model of the breast-fed infant gut. Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology & Nutrition., 37, 168-177.
- Tuohy, K., Davies, M., Rumsby, P., Rumney, C.J., Adams, M.R. and Rowland, I.R. (2002). Monitoring transfer of recombinant and non-recombinant plasmids between Lactococcus lactis strains and members of the human gastrointestinal microbiota in vivo – impact of donor cell number and diet. J. Appl. Microbiol., 93, 954-964.
- Bolognani, F. Rumney, C.J., Coutts, T.M., Pool-Zobel, B.L. and Rowland, I.R.(2001). Effect of lactobacilli, bifidobacteria and inulin on the formation of aberrant crypt foci in rats. Eur. J. Nutr. 40, 293-300.
- Silvi, S, Rumney, C.J., Cresci, A. and Rowland, I.R. (1999). Resistant starch modifies gut microflora and microbial metabolism in human flora associated rats inoculated with faeces from Italian and UK donors. J. Appl. Microbiol., 86, 521-530.
- Rowland, I.R., Rumney, C.J., Silvi, S., Cresci, A. & Pool-Zobel, B. (1998). Effect of non-digestible oligosaccharides and resistant starch on biochemical and mucosal biomarkers of colonic neoplasia in rats. In Functional Properties of Non-digestible Carbohydrates ed. Guillon, F., Amado,R., Amaral-Collaco, M.T. et al. pp 219-221. INRA, Nantes.
- Rumney, C.J., Coutts, J.T., Smith, J.S. and Rowland, I.R. (1998). Microbiological end-point determination of antibiotics. . Microbial Ecology in Health and Disease, 10, 3-11.
- Bolognani, F., Rumney, C.J. and Rowland, I.R. (1997). Influence of carcinogen binding by lactic acid-producing bacteria on tissue distribution and in vivo mutagenicity of dietary carcinogens. Fd Chem. Toxic., 35, 535-545.
- Hambly, R.H., Rumney, C.J., Fletcher, J.M.E., Rijken, P.J. and Rowland, I.R.(1997). Effects of high and low risk diets on gut-microflora-associated biomarkers of colon cancer in human-flora-associated (HFA) rats. Nutrition and Cancer, 27, 250-255.
- Silvi, S., Rumney, C.J. and Rowland, I.R. (1996). An assessment of three selective media for bifidobacteria in faeces. J. Applied Bacteriology, 81, 561-564.
- Barry, J-L., Hoebler, C., Macfarlane, G.T., Macfarlane, S., Mathers, J.C., Reed, K.A., Mortensen, P.B., Norgaard, I., Rowland, I.R. and Rumney, C.J. (1995). Estimation of the fermentability of dietary fibre in vitro: a European interlaboratory study. British Journal of Nutrition, 74, 303-322.
- Rumney, C.J., Rowland, I.R. and Tanaka, R. (1995). Modification of the gut microflora and its metabolism by dietary oligosaccharides in human-flora-associated (HFA) rats. In: Medical and Dental Aspects of Anaerobes, B.I. Duerden et al., (Eds)., Science Reviews, Middlesex, UK, pp.137-139.
- Rumney, C.J. and Rowland, I.R. (1995). Microbiological endpoint testing for veterinary antimicrobials - setting MRLs. Fd Chem. Toxic., 33, 331-333.
- Rumney, C.J., Duncan, S.H, Henderson, C and Stewart, C.S. (1995). Isolation and characteristics of a wheatbran-degrading Butyrivibrio from human faeces. Letters in Applied Microbiology, 20, 232-236.
- Rumney, C.J., Rowland, I.R., Saito, Y. and Hirahara, T. (1994). Endogenous generation of N-nitroso compounds by human gut microorganisms and the influence of soybean oligosaccharides. Microbial Ecology in Health and Disease, 7, 52.
- Rumney, C.J., Rowland, I.R. & O'Neill, I.K. (1993).Conversion of IQ to 7 OHIQ by gut microflora. Nutrition and Cancer, 19, 67 76.
- Rumney, C.J., Rowland, I.R., Coutts, T.M., Randerath, K., Reddy, R., Shah, A.B., Ellul, A. & O'Neill, I.K. (1993). Effects of risk-associated human dietary macrocomponents on processes related to carcinogenesis in human-flora-associated (HFA) rats. Carcinogenesis, 14, 79 84.
- Rumney, C.J. & Rowland, I.R. (1992). In vivo and in vitro models of the human colonic microflora. Crit. Rev. Food Science and Nutrition, 31, 299 231.
- Stewart, C.S., Richardson, A.J., Douglas, R.M. & Rumney, C.J. (1990). Hydrogen transfer in mixed cultures of anaerobic bacteria and fungi with Methanobrevibacter smithii. In: Microbiology and Biochemistry of Strict Anaerobes Involved in Interspecies Transfer (J.-P. Bélaich et al. Eds), Plenum Press, New York, pp.121 131.
- Rumney, C.J., Henderson, C. & Stewart, C.S. (1990). Fermentation of wheat bran or sugar-beet fibre by human colonic bacterial growing in vitro in semi-continuous culture. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, 49, 124A.
- Current member of the Society for Applied Microbiology
- Previously member of: The British Nutrition Society, The Society of Microbial Ecology and Disease, The Society of Anaerobic Microbiology
Dr Corinne J Rumney
Natural Resources Institute
University of Greenwich
Central Avenue, Chatham Maritime, Kent ME4 4TB, United Kingdom.
Tel: +44 (0)1634 883926