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Queens Anniversary Prizes 2015

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Dr Bruno M D Tran

Grain Postharvest Scientist
FLS, BSc, MSc, PhD
Food and Markets Department
Natural Resources Institute

Biography

Dr Bruno Tran worked at NRI until 2001, in the then Food Security Department and he re-joined the Institute in January 2013, in the Food and Market Department.

After completing his PhD at the University of Tours, France, on the synchronisation of the life cycle of the broad bean beetle with that of its host, Dr Tran took up a postdoctoral position at Royal Holloway College, University of London, where he worked for several years on the population biology of the cowpea bruchid beetle. Dr Tran has been an Associate Lecturer for the Open University for 9 years, until 2013.

Dr Tran’s academic career has been interspersed with a variety of positions in the charitable and private sectors: IT trainer and IT training manager, Separated Children database specialist for Save the Children in Liberia, biostatistician in the pharmaceutical industry. The common threads for these positions being the application of a sound scientific approach, training and communication of science.

Dr Tran is an applied ecologist and biostatistician, specialised in field research and consultancy, data analysis and communication, infographics, teaching and training. With sixteen years’ experience in scientific research, teaching, and project management, a special focus in development on postharvest pest and quality control on-farm, in warehouses and during transport. His experience includes participatory research, sustainable and acceptable pest control at farm level, rational use of insecticides and fumigants, storage pest ecology, extension and the communication of science.

Dr Tran has extensive developing country experience in Africa and is fluent in both English and French. A French citizen, Dr Tran has lived and worked in the UK since 1994.

Research/Scholarly Interests

Dr Tran’s research interests include:

  • Postharvest storage and management, storage pest control, and better storage structures and methods. Dr Tran’s postharvest interests start with participatory research and indigenous knowledge and extends to extension (training and communication for farmers) as well as institutional and professional development and training. Dr Tran’s work encompasses small-scale farmers’ storage and national food reserves, grain legumes, maize, rice and millet.
  • Data analysis using appropriate statistical and graphical tools including infographics, presentation of results adapted to the selected audience and communication of science. Dr Tran has designed and produced organisational dashboards, infographics presentations and data investigation visualisations using TIBCO Spotfire in particular.

Current and Previous Funded Research Projects

Zambian Food Reserve Agency

Dr Tran worked as a consultant to the Zambian FRA and the World Food Programme and designed a pilot project to improve quality control of maize purchased by the FRA through the implementation of a mobile, tablet based, logistics system as well as setting up and training a dedicated grading team. The results of the pilot project are being used to plan nationwide improvements to the national reserve agency.

Rice Cargo Consultancy in Liberia

As postharvest expert, Dr Tran inspected a cargo of rice that had been impounded on arrival in Monrovia for suspected damaged quality. After sampling extensively, analysing the ship documentation and using NRI’s knowledge of cargo, shipment and fumigation at sea, it was possible to determine the extent and the cause of damage, and produce a report of responsibility to the insurers.

Cowpea Project

Dr Tran was project leader of a DfID funded agricultural development research project based in Ghana and Uganda 1999-2001. The multi-partners project had a £270,000 budget and investigated sustainable and acceptable methods for the control of cowpea storage pests for small-scale farmers. Through on-station and on-farm research, solarisation of cowpea was selected as the most effective, affordable, sustainable and acceptable method of control. Extension materials were produced and tested. More details on the project: http://bmdtran.net/cowpea/homepage.htm

Selected Publications

Thesis memoire:

  • B. Tran, 1992. Caractérisation de l'état diapausant et induction de l'activité reproductrice chez Bruchus rufimanus (Boh.) (Coléoptère : Bruchidae). Thèse de Doctorat de l'Université de Tours. 99 p.

Papers:

  • J. Huignard, P. Dupont and B. Tran, 1990. Coevolutionary relations between Bruchids and their host plants. The influence on the physiology of the insects. in Bruchids and Legumes: Economics, Ecology and Coevolution, K. Fujii et al. (eds.), 171-179. Kluwer Academic Pub. Netherlands.
  • B. Tran and J. Huignard, 1992. Interactions between photoperiod and food affect the reproductive diapause termination in Bruchus rufimanus (Boh.) (Coleoptera, Bruchidae).Journal of Insect Physiology. Vol. 38 (8), 633-642.
  • B. Tran, J. Darquenne and J. Huignard, 1993. Changes in responsiveness to factors inducing diapause termination in Bruchus rufimanus (Boh.) (Coleoptera, Bruchidae). Journal of Insect Physiology. 39 (9), 769-774.
  • B.M.D. Tran and P.F. Credland, 1995. Consequences of inbreeding for the cowpea seed beetle Callosobruchus maculatus (Coleoptera, Bruchidae). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society of London. 56 (3): 483-503.
  • M.J. Parr, B.M.D. Tran, M.S.J. Simmonds and P.F. Credland, 1996. Oviposition behaviour of the cowpea seed beetle, Callosobruchus maculatus. Physiological Entomology, 21:107-117.
  • P.A. Ouedraogo, S. Sanon, J.P. Monge, B.M.D. Tran, J. Huignard and P.F. Credland, 1996. Influence of temperature and humidity on populations of Callosobruchus maculatus (F.) (Coleoptera: Bruchidae) and its parasitoid Dinarmus basalis (Rond) (Pteromalidae) in two climatic zones of Burkina Faso. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 86: 695-702.
  • M.J. Parr, B.M.D. Tran, M.S.J. Simmonds and P.F. Credland, 1998. Duration of behaviour patterns during oviposition by the bruchid beetle, Callosobruchus maculatus. Physiological Entomology, 23:150-157.
  • M.J. Parr, B.M.D. Tran, M.S.J. Simmonds, G.C. Kite and P.F. Credland, 1998. Influence of some fatty acids on oviposition by the bruchid beetle, Callosobruchus maculatus. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 24: 1577-1594.
  • M.A.Q. Sulehrie, P. Golob, C. Moss and B.M.D. Tran, 1999. The oviposition and development of a Pakistani biotype of Callosobruchus maculatus (F.) (Coleoptera: Bruchidae) on different host legumes. in Stored Product Protection, Proceedings of the 7th International Working Conference on Stored-Product Protection, 14-19 October 1998, Beijing, China. 1: 43-50. Sichuan Publishing House of Science & Technology, Chengdu, Sichuan, China.
  • P. Golob, F.H. Andan, J. Atarigiya and B.M.D. Tran, 1999. On-farm storage losses of cowpea and bambara groundnut in Northern Ghana. in Stored Product Protection, Proceedings of the 7th International Working Conference on Stored-Product Protection, 14-19 October 1998, Beijing, China. 2: 1367-1375. Sichuan Publishing House of Science & Technology, Chengdu, Sichuan, China.
  • P. Golob and B.M.D. Tran, 2001. Dangerous phosphine practices in West Africa. Pesticides News No. 53, September 2001: 4-5.
  • M.A.Q. Sulehrie, P. Golob, B.M.D. Tran and G. Farrell, 2003. Use of a biomonitor to assess the effect of seed hardness on larval feeding of Callosobruchus maculatus in Vigna varieties. Bioacoustics - The international journal of animal sound and its recording, 14 (1): 35-46.
  • M.A.Q. Sulehrie, P. Golob, B M D Tran and G Farrell, 2003. The effect of attributes of Vigna spp. on the bionomics of Callosobruchus maculatus (F.) (Coleoptera: Bruchidae). Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 106: 159-168.

Recent Conference Presentations

Posters:

  • B. Tran et J. Huignard, 1990. Analyse des facteurs permettant la levée de la diapause reproductrice chez Bruchus rufimanus. 10eme Colloque de Physiologie de l'Insecte, Toulouse, September 1990.
  • J. Huignard, B. Tran and A. Lenga, 1992. Interactions between host plant information and climatic factors on diapause termination in two bruchid species. 8th international symposium on insect-plant relationships, International Agricultural Centre, Wageningen, The Netherlands, March 1992.
  • B.M.D. Tran & P.F. Credland, 2000. Modelling population dynamics of stored cowpea insect pests. World Cowpea Research Conference III, IITA, Ibadan, Nigeria, September 2000.
  • B.M.D Tran, 2008. “How much does this hurt?”, applied statistics poster presented at the PSI (Statisticians in the Pharmaceuticals Industry) Conference in Brussels, 2008. 5. B.M.D Tran, 2009. “Graphs for investigation and team sharing of clinical data with Spotfire”, poster presented at the PSI Conference in Brighton, 2009.
  • B.M.D Tran, 2010. “Core Body Temperature: High Precision, High Frequency of Measurement but High Level of Noise”, poster presented at the PSI Conference in Manchester, 2010.

Talks:

  • J. Huignard, B. Tran et P. Dupont, 1990. Importance de l'alimentation dans l'induction de l'activité reproductrice chez Bruchus rufimanus (Boh.) (Coléoptère Bruchidae).Réunion commune des commissions plenières "Nutrition chez les Poecilothermes" et "Microbiologie des Poecilothermes". Paris, March 1990.
  • B. Tran, N. Mandon et J. Huignard, 1991. Interactions entre les facteurs photopériodiques et trophiques sur la levée de la diapause reproductrice chez le Coléoptère Bruchidae spécialiste Bruchus rufimanus.Journées annuelles de la Société Zoologique de France, Reims, July 1991.
  • B. Tran and P. F. Credland, 1993. Intrapopulation variability in Callosobruchus maculatus.European Bruchid Conference, Royal Holloway - University of London, Egham, April 1993.
  • B.M.D. Tran, M.J. Parr and P.F.C. Credland, 1995. Programme d’analyse de tableaux de contingence a 3 dimensions. Modeles log-lineaires. 17eme Colloque de Biologie et Genetique des Populations, Lyon, August 1995.
  • B.M.D. Tran and P.F.C. Credland, 1997. Dynamics of bruchid populations in stores: a computer model. Premier colloque international “Lutte contre les depredateurs de denrees stockees par les agriculteurs en Afrique”, Lome, Togo, February 1997.
  • B.M.D. Tran, F.H. Andan and P. Golob, 2000. Storage damage and loss of cowpea is grossly overestimated by laboratory studies of population development. World Cowpea Research Conference III, IITA, Ibadan, Nigeria, September 2000.
  • B.M.D Tran, 2009. “Clinical data Graphics with Spotfire”, presentation at the PSI (Statisticians in the Pharmaceuticals Industry) Conference, Brighton, 2009.
  • B.M.D Tran, 2011. “Spotfire in Clinical Development: the TGRD Europe experience”, presentation at the Spotfire Users International Conference, Paris, 2011.
  • B.M.D Tran, 2011. “Spotfire implementation at TGRD Europe”, presentation at the Japan Spotfire Users Group, Tokyo, October 2011.
  • B.M.D Tran, 2012. “Creating a New Analytics Vision through Dynamic Visualisations with Spotfire”, presentation at the Gartner Business Intelligence Summit, London, 6-7 February 2012.
  • B.M.D.Tran, 2013. “A mobile technology (M-Tech) pilot for the Zambian Food Reserve Agency”, presentation at ICT4Ag conference, Kigali, Rwanda, 4-8 November 2013.

Contact Information

Dr Bruno Tran

Natural Resources Institute

University of Greenwich

Central Avenue, Chatham Maritime, Kent ME4 4TB, United Kingdom.

Tel: +44 (0)1634 883070

Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

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